Monte Cofano Reserve
One of the pleasant opportunities of Castelluzzo is to be close to the Monte Cofano Reserve.
From Castelluzzo, at the end of Vialone you must take Calazza road. At first, the road will be paved for a few km,. Then it’ll become unpaved, but easily travelled by car. Before arriving in Reserve temptation is strong stopping in small coves. Monte Cofano, with its unique form, will guide you to reach it.
For those who love trekking or mountain bike, an easy path allows to do the journey of the coast. For the daring and athletic people there is the climb to the top. There you’ll can enjoy a breathtaking view on 360°. Truly it’s a unique experience. If you hike the in the middle summer we heartily recommend: avoid the hot hours! The territory of the Reserve lies on the great bulk of a massive limestone promontory striving out the sea, at once it reaches 659 meters above the sea level on west including the Zingaro Reserve, at the extreme south of the homonymous Gulf closed northwards from Cape St. Vito. It is a Jurassic dolomite promontory, where vegetation, which is typically Mediterranean, specially presents Garrigue or phrygana variety as dwarf palm and Ampelodesma.
The rock walls are rugged and steep, especially on the north-west, past Punta del Saraceno in the direction of southwest, where sinking into the sea, creating small and delightful coves. A small street of Forestry Corps almost reaches near the summit, leaving from Piano Alastre.
Tonnara Tower. It is also interesting the two towers that you are found around Mount Cofano, within the Reserve. One is that of St. Giovanni on the side of Custonaci and the other is the Tonnara on the side pointed towards San Vito. The towers were part of the defence system of fortifications on the Sicilian coast against Turkish pirates. The Reserve has several species of birds, also uncommon as peregrine falcon, kestrel and buzzard. Among the typical rocky species of this country you can observe the raven, the wild dove, the swift and, as sea species, the common seagull.
There are many caves along the coast of Custonaci, they are geological and paleontological things very important, such as those planted in Scurati. These caves have signs of prehistoric age with great value: fossils, arms, flint tools, graffiti, dating back to the Upper Palaeolithic. In ‘800 they were refuge for hermits, during the last war they became shelter for displaced persons, still they are used as animals shelter and storage of furnishings and work tools. Inside Grotta Scurati, in particular, there is a old rural buildings with one floor houses, a chapel and cobbled streets. Many interesting are the engravings on the walls of the cave, dating from the Upper Palaeolithic. Inside the cave Miceli, there are linear engravings of Upper Palaeolithic.